Hiiumaa - island and county
Hiiumaa is Estonia’s second largest island. Along with some offshore islets and island of Kassari, it makes up Hiiu County. It is Estonia’s smallest county and comprises just 2.2% of the country’s area.
Hiiumaa’s area along with the 200 small islands surrounding it is 1,023 km2.
It is 2.6 times smaller than Estonia’s largest island, neighbouring Saaremaa. How Hiiumaa compares in terms of size to other Baltic Sea islands: 1.4 times smaller than Aland (including skerries), 2.9 times smaller than Gotland and 1.3 times smaller than Öland, 1.1 times larger than Rügen and 1.7 times larger than Bornholm.
The island is longest in length from Sarve to Ristna – 60 km – and the greatest width from Tahkuna to Rannaküla is 45 km. The length of the coastline is 326 km.
The highest point is Tornimägi on the Kõpu peninsula, which is 68 metres above sea level. This is also the highest point in western Estonian, and emerged from the waters of the Baltic Ice lake some 11,000 years ago.
Hiiumaa’s geographic coordinates are: Ristna 22º 2’ 22’’, Sarve 23º 4’ 10’’, Tahkuna cape 59º 5’ 36’’, Emmaste Rannaküla cape 58º 41’ 13’’.
Hiiumaa is 22 km from the mainland and 6 km from neighbouring Saaremaa. It is 250 km to the Swedish coast in the west and 120 km to Finland to the north.
Distance to the nearest national capitals: Tallinn 120 km, Helsinki 180 km, Stockholm 240 km and Riga 270 km.